Chapter 11 Guided Reading

Gap-fill exercise

Fill in all the gaps, then press "Check" to check your answers. Use the "Hint" button to get a free letter if an answer is giving you trouble. You can also click on the "[?]" button to get a clue. Note that you will lose points if you ask for hints or clues!
GUIDED READING Chapter 11
Moving Toward Conflict
Directions: Use the information under The Issue of Slavery, pages 200-202, to complete the following statements.

1. Slavery was not profitable in the .

2. provided cheap labor for the growing industrial base in the North.

3. Growing created a need for manual labor and increased the need for slaves.

4. In 1819, the United States had slave states and 11 free states.

5. In the United States Senate, there were an number of senators from free states and from slave states.

6. In the House of Representatives, there were more representatives from the states.

7. The Compromise passed in 1820, kept the balance between slave and free states by adding Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state.

Directions: Use the information under The Growing Antislavery Movement, page 203, to complete the following statements.

8. The American Society, founded in 1833, called for an immediate end to slavery.

9. People who wanted to free the slaves were called .

10. The railroad was a network of houses and other places used to help slaves escape to the North or to Canada.

Directions: Use the information under States’ Rights, page 203, to complete the following statements.

11. The North needed the federal government to regulate such things as _ , transportation, and industry.

12. The South had little need for federal regulation; therefore, southerners supported the concept of instead.

Directions: Use the information under Increasing Tensions, pages 203-204, to complete the following statements.

13. The of 1850 admitted California to the Union as a free state.

14. Slavery was banned in the of Columbia.

Directions (cont.): Use the information under Increasing Tensions, pages 203-204, to complete the following statements.

15. Slavery in New Mexico and Utah was to be decided by sovereignty, the right
of those living in a territory to decide upon an issue.

Directions: Use the information under John Brown, pages 204-206, to complete the following statements.

16. John Brown was born in .

17. John Brown and his father believed that, to prepare to meet God one day, they must dedicate themselves to those in need.

18. Brown helped slaves along the underground railroad.

19. , a professor at Western Reserve College, influenced Brown’s decision to become an abolitionist.

Directions: Use the information under Bleeding Kansas, page 206, to complete the following statement.

20. The passage of the Act caused people who supported both sides of
the slavery issue to go into Kansas.

Directions: Use the information under Competing Factions, page 207, to complete the following statements.

21. In 1855, Kansas elected a government.

22. Armed men from Missouri, called ruffians, voted illegally in Kansas.

23. A major conflict between the free and proslavery supporters took place in .

24. Senator , was beaten in the United States Senate by
Preston Brooks because of his criticism of the events in Kansas and slavery supporters.

Directions: Use the information under Revenge, pages 207-208, to complete the following statements.

25. Shortly after the attack in the United States Senate, John Brown and his followers attacked proslavery settlers on Creek.

26. of John Brown’s sons were captured and transported to Lecompton, Kansas, as prisoners.

Directions (cont.): Use the information under Revenge, pages 207-208, to complete the following statements.

27. The final battle between proslavery and free state supporters took place near the River.

28. The plundering at marked the turning point in the struggle for Kansas.

Directions: Use the information under The Attack on Harpers Ferry, pages 209-210, to complete the following statements.

29. John Brown left Kansas and later turned his attention to capturing a federal arsenal at .

30. Before his planned attack, Brown lived in .

31.Brown was joined by .

Directions: Use the information under The Raid, pages 210-211, to complete the following statements.

32. John Brown and his followers first met opposition on a bridge that connected Virginia and Maryland.

33. Brown’s target was a government .

34. Some townspeople, including George Washington’s great-grandnephew, , were taken prisoner.

35. Brown’s plan began to break down when one of his men shot at a who
escaped.

36. The shot awoke , who organized an opposing force of townspeople.

37. A mail train headed to , Maryland warned of possible sabotage.

38. Brown allowed the train to move on because he did not want to the passengers.

Directions: Use the information under The Government’s Response, pages 214-215, to complete the following statements.


39. The president of the United States when Harpers Ferry was attacked was .

40. The United States president sent Colonel to Harpers Ferry to put down the rebellion.

Directions (cont.): Use the information under The Government’s Response, pages 214-215, to complete the following statements.

41. Brown retreated to the house, where he was captured.

42. The events at Harpers Ferry lasted less than days.

Directions: Use the information under The Final Chapter, page 215, to complete the following statements.

43. John Brown was tried for the crimes of , murder, and insurrection.

44. His trial was held in .

45. Brown was sentenced to be .

46. Many condemned Brown’s raid, while others considered him to be a who suffered death in support of a cause.