Life in Space Life in Space

The International Space Station


At night, about 85 to 90 percent of the world’s population can see the International Space Station . As it passes overhead, it looks like a bright, slowly moving star. It takes 3 to 4 minutes to cross the sky, traveling west to east.


Click on your assigned group.  Research the questions and write your answers in your science notebook.  From the answers you find, create a PowerPoint, Movie, Song, or Poster that will be shared with the class.

Group 1: Food

  • How has the food that astronauts eat changed over the last 50 years?
  • What kinds of foods do astronauts eat in space today?
  • Why do astronauts eat tortilla's instead of bread in space?
  • What methods are used to prevent food from spoiling? Refrigerators?
  • If you lived in space for a month, what foods do you think you would miss the most? Why?
  • What are some examples of food eaten by the early Mercury & Gemini astronauts?

Web Resources

Eating in Space

How Space Food Works

Living in Space - Food

Space Food History-   http://www.pbs.org/spacestation/station/living_eating.htm

Eat In Space- http://science.howstuffworks.com/astronauts-eat-in-space.htm

What Food Do Astronauts Eat-  http://www.wisegeek.com/what-foods-do-astronauts-eat-in-space.htm

Calories- http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/living/spacefood/index.html

Space Station Kids

Group 2: Space Suits

  • What are the main parts of a space suit? How do they work?
  • Do astronauts have to wear the space suits all the time? Why or why not?
  • What are some safety measures that are built into space suits?
  • Do you think space suits are comfortable? Why or why not?
  • Provide a list of 5 essential items that a spacesuit must have.
  • What are 4 things you would face if you were to step outside a spacecraft without a spacesuit?

Web Resources

Space Suits

The Space Suit (history)

How Space Suits Work

Space Suit History w/ Pictures-  http://science.howstuffworks.com/space-suit2.htm

Cost of Space Suits- http://science.howstuffworks.com/question544.htm

The Workings of a Suit- http://science.howstuffworks.com/space-suit.htm

Why Wear A Space Suit- http://www.pbs.org/spacestation/station/living_spacesuit.htm

The Space Suit Facts -  http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0875382.html

History of the Suit- http://www.fi.edu/pieces/hiley/history.htm


Group 3: Experiments and Toys in Space

  • What is the purpose of the ISS?
  • What are some examples of experiments that are conducted on the ISS?
  • What do scientists hope to learn about life in space?
  • How do scientists conduct controlled experiments in space?
  • Name two findings that have emerged from experiments done in space.
  • List the 6 types of research that will or is being conducted on the ISS.
  • How do toys react in space compared to Earth?

Web Resources

ISS Research-  http://science.howstuffworks.com/space-station5.htm

Current ISS Experiments- http://www.nasa.gov/missions/current/index.html

Launch Schedule-  www.nasa.gov/missions/highlights/schedule.html

ISS- http://science.howstuffworks.com/space-station.htm

What Do They Do?- http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/question.php?number=669

Toys in Space

Animals in Space


Group 4: Sanitation in Space

  • How do astronauts shower and use the bathroom in space?
  • Do they have to wash dishes or laundry?
  • How do they keep their living quarters clean?
  • What special sanitation issues do astronauts face that those of us on Earth don’t worry about?
  • How do they clean their plates and eating utencils in space?
  • What is done with the dirty clothes from astronauts? How often are you allowed to change clothes in space?
  • Since you are in space, do astronauts have to worry about germs?  Explain.

Web Resources

Baths In Space- http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/question.php?number=538

Germs In Space- www.pbs.org/spacestation/station/living_sanitation.htm

Space Wear-  http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/living/spacewear/index.html

Space Station Kids

Group 5: Sleep and Relaxation

  • Do astronauts require more or less sleep than normal when they are in space?
  • How long each day are astronauts required to exercise?
  • How many hours of sleep do astronauts usually get each night?
  • How do astronauts relax in space?
  • Do astronauts sleep in a bed? If they do not, how do they sleep?

Web Resources

Recreation and Sleeping

Astronaut Sleep- http://www.spacetoday.org/SpcShtls/AstronautsSleep.html

Recreation and Sleeping- http://www.pbs.org/spacestation/station/living_sleeping.htm

ISS Sleep-  http://ask.yahoo.com/20010830.html

Exercise-  http://www.pbs.org/spacestation/station/issfactsheet.htm

Space Fun- http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/living/spacefun/index.html

Space Sleep- http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/living/spacesleep/index.html

Space Station Kids


Group 6: International Space Station

  • Research the history of space stations
  • What is the International Space Station?
  • What is the purpose for designing the International Space Station?
  • What are the different parts of the ISS?
  • Who will man the ISS? Who are the International partners?

Web Resources










6th Grade Science - Mr. I
Bay Middle School
27725 Wolf Rd.
Bay Village, Ohio 44140