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||Science Mnemonic Devices
Mnemonics are memory devices that help learners recall larger pieces of information, especially in the form of lists like characteristics, steps, stages, parts, phases, etc.
In a Name Mnemonic, the 1st letter of each word in a list of items is used to make a name of a person or thing. Sometimes, the items can be rearranged to form a more recollectable name mnemonic. Examples:
ROY G. BIV = colors of the spectrum (Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet.)
Pvt. Tim Hall = Essential amino acids (Phenylanine, Valine, Threonine, Tryptophan, Isolucine, Histidine, Arginine, Leucine, Lysine.
MRS GREN = Explanation - The 7 things all living animals do/have: movement, reproduction, sensitivity, growth, respiration, excretion, nutrition
PMAT - Explanation = Helps to remember the four stages of mitosis: Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and Telophase.
LAWN - Needs of Plants (Light, Air, Water, Nutrients)
Expression or Word Mnemonic
This is by far the most popularly used mnemonic. To make an Expression or Word mnemonic, the first letter of each item in a list is arranged to form a phrase or word. Examples:
For physical laws dealing with gasses, try these:
Charles' Law: For a constant volume, pressure is directly proportional to temperature.
The simple way to remember Chuck is - If the tank's too hot, you're blown into muck.
Henry's Law: The solubility of a gas increases with pressure.
To remember good old Hank, remember the bubbles in the shaken Coke you drank.
Boyles' Law: At constant temperature, pressure is inversely proportional to volume.
Boyle's law is best of all because it presses gasses awfully small.
Create an Expression Mnemonic for remembering the order of the planets from the sun outward: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto.
This chemistry mnemonic is a phrase, consisting of words made using the symbols of the first ten elements in the periodic table - Happy Henry Likes Beer But Could Not Obtain Four Nuts
The next 8 elements in the periodic table: Sodium (NA), Magnesium, Aluminum, Silicon, Phosphorous, Sulfur, Chlorine, Argon - Naughty Magpies Always Sing Perfect Songs Clawing Ants
Here is a phrase to help you remember the order of the earth’s atmospheres - The Strong Man’s Triceps Explode. This stands for: Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere.
The brightest stars in the sky (excluding the Sun) can be remembered with this simple mnemonic: Sir Can Rig A VCR, Pa! They stand for: Sirius in Canis Major, Canopus in Carina, Rigil Kent in Centaurus, Acrturus in Bootes, Vega in Lyra, Capella in Auriga, Rigel in Orion, Procyon in Canic Minor, Achernar in Eridanus
Here is a mnemonic to help you remember the bones of the skull: Old People From Texas Eat spiders. This stands for: Occipital, Parietal, Frontal, Temporal, Ethnoid, Sphenoid
King Henry died bloated drinking chocolate milk. Explanation: These stand for the Metric prefixes and base unit. Kilo, Hecto, Deca, base, Deci, Centi, Milli
PORHERC. Explanation: These stand for the seven steps in the scientific method. Problem, Observation, Research, Hypothese, Experiment, Results, Conclusion
DRY MIX Remember variables and how to graph. Explanation: DRY- dependent or responding variables are graphed on the Y-axis.Note: The letter "Y" reaches up vertically and the letter "X" goes across itself.MIX -independent or manipulated variables are graphed on the X-axis.
"TAILS" - Explanation: Remember how to graph. T = Title, A= X and Y Axis, I = Interval,
L= Labels (Remember Units and DRY MIX), S = Scale (Appropriate for highest and lowest data values). Utilize the entire "Canvas," like an artist painting a picture.
Raging martians invaded Roy G. Biv using x-ray guns. Explanation - The device used for remembering the waves from longest to shortest. Radio, microwave, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-ray, gamma ray.
Tommy Gave Caroline Four Apples On Fine Quick Tummy Clutching Dishes Explanation:
Mnemonic device for Mohs Hardness Scale. Talc, Gypsum, Calcite, Flourite, Apatite, Orthoclese Fledspar, Quartz, Topaz, Corundum, and Diamond.
Kittens Hate Dogs But Do Chase Mice. Explanation: Kilo- Hecto- Deca-Base(unit)-Deci- Centi- Milli
Dromedary vs. Bactrian camel. Which has how many humps? Dromedary starts with a capital D, and the letter D has one hump. Therefore the Dromedary has one hump. Bactrian starts with a capital B, which has two humps. The Bactrian camel has two humps. Explanation: Look at the first letter, B or D, and use that many humps.
I Picked My Apple's Today
Explanation: The Cell Cycle: Interphase,Prophase,Metaphase,Anaphase,Telophase
The cat peed on a mat. Explanation - To remember PMAT for cell division
I eat grandma's cookies
Izzy, Please Carry Everyones Biology Book Explanation
ECOLOGY: SMALLEST TO BIGGEST
1) Individual > Izzy
2) Population > Please
3) Community > Carry
4) Ecosystem > Everyones
5) Biome > Biology
6) Biosphere > Books
Explanation - Four largest moons of Jupiter in order by their distance from Jupiter; Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto.
Sally Loves Gum Explanation - Three Phases of Matter (Solid, liquid, gas)
Science is Magnificient. Explanation: Three types of rocks: Sedimentary, Igneous, Metamorphic
Oh, Can Venus Flies Make Pretty Webs! Mnemonic device for remembering the basic needs of the human body:oxygen, carbohydrates, vitamins, fats, minerals, protein, water
Weather Temperature: High to Low, Look Out Below; Low to High, Clear Blue Sky!
Flow of Electrons: OIL RIG (Oxidation = It Loses, Reduction = It Gains) process of oxidation and reduction: LEO the lion says GER (or simply, LEO says GER).
LEO - Losing Electrons is Oxidation
GER - Gaining Electrons is Reduction
Stalactites hang from the top of a cave so they have to hang on "tight". Stalagmites rest on the cave floor and "might" reach the top if they grow large enough.
Three things your circulatory system has to HAVe? H (heart) A (arteries) V (veins)
States of Matter (School Analogy) - Molecular Movement
- Solid (Students taking a Test)
- Liquid (Students in a Lab)
- Gas (Students leaving Class)