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Unit Guides and Downloads » Seismology & Volcanology

Seismology and Volcanology Seismology & Volcanology

Seismology & Volcanology

Unit Guide


Chapter: 8 & 9                                                                                                                        Approximate Length: 3 Weeks



High School Earth Science Objectives


·         E3.2b  Explain how scientists infer that the Earth has internal layers with discernable properties using patterns of primary and secondary seismic wave arrivals.

·         E3.4b  Describe how the sizes of earthquakes and volcanoes are measured or characterized.

·         E3.4c  Describe the effects of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions on humans.

·         E3.4f  Explain why fences are offset after an earthquake using the elastic rebound theory.

·         E3.3d  Distinguish plate boundaries by the pattern of depth and magnitude of earthquakes.

·         E3.4a  Use the distribution of earthquakes and volcanoes to locate and determine the types of plate boundaries.



Chapter 8 & 9: Earthquakes & Volcanoes (194-239)

Deformation                                        Richter Scale                                       Earthquakes

Elastic Rebound Theory                     Seismology                                          Shield

Surface Waves                                    Composite                                           Earthquakes

Fault                                                    Pressure (Trapped Gases)                    Magnitude

Volcanoes                                           Divergent                                            Seismic Waves

Transform                                            Gap Hypothesis                                  Seismograph

Tiltmeter                                              Silica & Water                                     Convergent

Volcanology                                        *Moho/Shadow Zones                        *P-Waves

*Primary Waves                                  *Secondary Waves                             *S-Waves


*Advanced Vocabulary



Study Tips

Terms to Learn & What You’ll Do (located at beginning of every section), Section review questions at the end of each section, Chapter Highlights at the end of each chapter, chapter review questions, study packet (collection of work and notes), design flash cards, quiz a partner.


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8th Grade Earth & Space Science
Mason Middle School
235 Temple Street
Mason, MI 48854