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Parts of a Sentence Parts of a Sentence including Complements

                    Notes over Basic Sentence Parts

I. A sentence: a group of words that has a subject and a verb and it expresses a complete thought.

   A. Subject: the word or group of words that answers the question Who? or What?

   B. Verb: tells what the subject does, what is done to the subject or what the condition of the subject is. Three examples follow:

       1) The San Antonio Spurs won the NBA Championship!
       2) The trophy was given to Tim Duncan.
       3) Their fans have been happy for weeks.

II. Complete subjects and predicates:

   A. The complete subject of a sentence consists of the subject and any words related to the subject.

   B. The complete predicate of a sentence consists of the verb and any words related to it.

III. Hard-to-find subjects:

   A. Requests or commands: The subject may be you understood. 

       Clean your room, please.

   B. Questions: The subject often follows the verb. 

       Are you going home now?

   C. Sentences beginning with here or there: Here and there are never the subjects of a sentence.

   D. Other inverted order sentences: Sometimes the subject will come after the verb in order to receive greater emphasis.

       In the middle of the football field ran my pet dog, Bucky.

IV. Complements

   A. Direct objects

      1. Always a noun or a pronoun

      2. DO = S + AV + what or whom?

   B. Indirect objects

       1. Always a noun or a pronoun

       2. IO = S + AV + DO + to whom? for whom? to what? for what?

       3. Must look for DO before looking for IO

   C. Predicate nominative

      1. Always a noun or a pronoun

      2. PN = S + LV + what or whom?

   D. Predicate adjective

      1. Always an adjective

      2. PA= S + LV + what or whom?

 


 




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