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Things Every Catholic Should Know
The Ten Commandments
1. I, the Lord am your God. You shall not have other gods besides me.
2. You shall not take the name of the Lord, your God, in vain.
3. Remember to keep holy the Sabbath Day.
4. Honor your father and your mother.
5. You shall not kill.
6. You shall not commit adultery.
7. You shall not steal.
8. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
9. You shall not covet thy neighbor's wife.
10. You shall not covet anything that belongs to your neighbour.
Duties of A Catholic Christian
- To keep holy the day of the Lord's resurrection (Sunday). To worship God by participating in Mass for every Sunday and holy day of obligation. To avoid these activities that would hinder worship, joy, or relaxation.
- To lead a sacramental life. To receive Holy Communion frequently and the Sacrament of Reconciliation regularly.
- To study Catholic teachings in preparation for the Sacrament of Confirmation, to be confirmed, and then to continue to study and advance the cause of Christ.
- To observe the marriage laws of the Church. To give religious training, by word and example, to one's children. To use parish schools and catechetical programs.
- To strengthen and support the Church-one's own parish community and parish priests, the worldwide Church, and the pope.
- To do penance, including abstaining from meat and fasting on the appointed days.
- To join in the missionary spirit and apostolate of the Church.
Days of Fasting
Ash Wednesday and Good Friday
Days of Abstinence
Ash Wednesday and All Fridays in Lent
Holy Days of Obligation
January 1: Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God
Fortieth day after Easter: Ascension
August 15: Assumption
November 1: All Saints' Day
December 8: Immaculate Conception
December 25: Christmas
The Seven Sacraments
Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Reconciliation (Penance), Anointing of the Sick, Matrimony, Holy Orders
Corporal Works of Mercy
Feed the hungary, give drink to the thirsty, clothe the naked, visit the sick, shelter the homeless, visit the imprisoned, bury the dead
Spiritual Works of Mercy
Warn the sinner, instruct the ignorant, counsel the doubtful, comfort the sorrowing, bear wrongs patiently, forgive all sinners, pray for the living and the dead
The Theological Virtues
faith, hope, and love (charity)
The Cardinal Virtues
prudence, temperance, justice, fortitude
Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Blessed are they who mourn, for they will be comforted.
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the land.
Blessed are they who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.
Blessed are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy.
Blessed are the pure of heart, for they will see God.
Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called children of God.
Blessed are they who are persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
The Way of the Cross
1. Jesus Is Condemned to Death.
2. Jesus Takes Up His Cross.
3. Jesus Falls the First Time.
4. Jesus Meets His Sorrowful Mother.
5. Simon of Cyrene Helps Jesus Carry the Cross.
6. Veronica Wipes the Face of Jesus.
7. Jesus Falls a Second Time.
8. Jesus Meets the Women of Jerusalem.
9. Jesus Falls the Third Time.
10. Jesus Is Stripped of His Garments.
11. Jesus Is Nailed to the Cross.
12. Jesus Dies on the Cross.
13. Jesus Is Taken Down From the Cross.
14. Jesus Is Laid in the Tomb.
15. The Resurrection of Jesus.
Gifts of the Holy Spirit
wisdom, understanding, right judgment (counsel), courage (fortitude), knowledge, reverence (piety), wonder and awe (fear of the Lord)
Fruits of the Holy Spirit
charity, joy, peace, patience, benignity, goodness, longanimity, mildness, faith, modesty, continency, chastity
The Mysteries of the Rosary
The Presentation of Jesus in the Temple
The Finding of the Jesus in the Temple
The Baptism of Jesus
The Wedding at Cana
Jesus' Proclamation of the Kingdom of God
The Institution of the Eucharist
The Agony in the Garden
The Scourging at the Pillar
The Crowning with Thorns
The Carrying of the Cross
The Crucifixion and Death of Jesus
The Glorious Mysteries
The Descent of the Holy Spirit
The Assumption of Mary
The Coronation of Mary as Queen of Heaven and Earth
THE DIVINE PRAISES
Blessed be God. Blessed be His Holy Name. Blessed be Jesus Christ, true God and true Man. Blessed be the Name of Jesus. Blessed be His Most Sacred Heart. Blessed be Jesus in the Most Holy Sacrament of the Altar. Blessed be the great Mother of God, Mary most Holy. Blessed be her Holy and Immaculate Conception. Blessed be her Glorious Assumption. Blessed be the Name of Mary, Virgin and Mother. Blessed be St. Joseph, her most chaste spouse. Blessed be God in His Angels and in His Saints.